Invitation to Google`s Online Agreement

People have reported on Twitter that they received an email that looks like an invitation to join a Google Doc from someone they know. In this tutorial, we`ll show you how to create custom invitations using Formstack Docs, Google Forms, and Google Spreadsheets. If you`re an event planner, you probably have a lot of experience with spreadsheets for organizing guest data. In this tutorial, you`ll learn how to use Formstack Documents to transfer data from a spreadsheet to a custom document template to create custom invitations that you can have delivered to your guests. Uploading your document template to Formstack Documents is easy. Simply add mail merge fields to your document instead of spreadsheet data. For example, a mail merge field to capture a customer name is denoted {$customer_name}. You can create your template using our Document Builder or Microsoft Word. The following is an example of a template invitation with mail merge fields for the guest`s name. Collecting payments with online forms is easy, but first you need to choose the right payment gateway. Browse the providers in our gateway credit card processing comparison chart to find the best option for your business. Then, log in to Formstack Forms, customize your payment forms, and collect winnings in minutes. These invitations are not what they seem to be.

These are, in fact, malicious files aimed at hijacking recipients` accounts – and Google advises its users not to open them. To fill our custom invitation with the answers, we save our spreadsheet as a CSV file, go to Formstack Documents and upload the CSV data. Click File -> Download as -> CSV from the Google Sheets menu. Once you have uploaded your CSV file, the next step is to upload the data through Formstack Documents and synchronize it with your template. Business email, online storage, shared calendars, video conferencing and more. Start your free trial of Google Workspace today. To view and accept this BAA, you must be signed in to an administrator account for your organization`s Google Workspace or Cloud Identity account. Google Workspace or cloud Identity users without administrator rights or users of the free legacy edition of Google Workspace (sometimes referred to as “Google Apps Standard Edition”) cannot currently view and accept a BaA from Google.

And if that helps, at least know that you`re not alone. In particular, similar scams on Google Docs have been circulating since at least 2014, but that doesn`t make them any easier to spot, in part because they look so authentic. Phishers can use real Google accounts and develop third-party plugins that can interact with Google services, allowing them to lure victims through the most perfect Google websites of all: the real ones. And variations of this approach apply again and again, such as waves in the ocean. Fishing? Phishing. You understand. Here`s how to stay vigilant this time and continue. If you`ve already clicked on this type of link today (or any day), go to the Permissions page of your Google Account as soon as possible and, in this case, revoke access to the Google Docs service. Again, this is a fake.

Then change your password and make sure you`ve enabled two-factor authentication, which you`ve already done, haven`t you?. If we contact you about your participation in a program, you will receive an addendum to the test application that you can review and sign. The addendum describes the specific product or feature of the alpha or beta program and any additional conditions. You can visit the Google Account Apps authorization page to check which apps have accessed your account. If Google Docs appears in the list, revoke access. . But when you click the link to open the file, you`ll be prompted to grant access to an app that looks like Google Docs, but is actually a program that sends spam to everyone you`ve sent via email, according to a detailed preview of the attack on Reddit. This series of Google Docs phishing emails works like this: you receive an email stating that someone has added you to a Google Doc; Click this link to view it. This will take you to a legitimate accounts screen that lists all the Google accounts you`re signed in to. From there, select the one you want to use to view the document (or log in if you haven`t already been authenticated in your browser).

There`s a malicious service called “Google Docs” waiting there, asking for privileges to access your account, contacts, leftover passwords, emails, and everything. . Downloading attachments or clicking on links shouldn`t be automatic, even if they seem to come from the people closest to you. Especially if you don`t expect a message, you should take a moment to review all the URLs it contains in a plain text editor, or check with your friend via another means of communication if they really sent you a Word document with recipes. These quick checks can make a big difference. Sometimes, a second glance is enough to realize that your colleague probably wouldn`t send a Google Doc to your entire company out of the blue. To protect you even more in the future, Google offers a tool called Password Alert that notifies you when you enter your Google Account credentials on a page that doesn`t officially belong to Google. If phishers have made a realistic-looking fake, Password Alert will immediately suggest that you change your password and secure your account as soon as you make the mistake.

However, this doesn`t necessarily protect you when scammers manipulate real Google processes. And, of course, it doesn`t help you identify fake login pages related to other companies` services. . “Once you`ve clicked on the link, go to your Google Account page (, where you can manage the permissions you`ve granted to apps (or go through the entire Google security check). Then, find the “Google Doc” app. It sounds perfectly legitimate, but it`s not really the case. If it`s the malicious app that accessed your account after clicking on the link, it should have a current “permission time.” Now, click on the Google Docs app and click “Remove”. “We have taken steps to protect users from an email masquerading as Google Docs and have disabled offensive accounts,” a Google spokesperson said in an email to NPR. If your organization has been invited or invited to participate in a Google Workspace user search panel, you can read and accept the Google Cloud User Experience Research Panel addendum… If you get a Google Doc link in your inbox today, check it carefully before you click— even if it appears to be from someone you trust.

A nasty phishing scam masquerading as a Google Docs query has now conquered the internet, including a decent chunk of media companies. You`ve heard “Think Before You Click” a million times, but it could really save you a lot of trouble. If someone else needs to insert a signature into your Google Doc, this extension automatically imports your document into HelloSign to add recipients and signature fields. To sign a document, draw a new signature or insert previously saved signatures. Then, send your document a legally binding electronic signature in PDF format… Chances are you, or someone you know, just received a strange email asking you to edit a document in Google Docs. The email can come from a stranger, colleague, or friend, but it`s addressed to a contact who has a bunch of H`s on their behalf. This article has been updated to include a comment from Aaron Higbee of PhishMe. .

Phishing (or malware) of Google Doc links that appear to come from people you may know. DELETE THE EMAIL. DO NOT CLICK. . The practice of sending an email to trick someone into granting access to their personal information is called phishing and usually occurs for malicious reasons, such as stealing.B credit card information or tricking them into sharing their password. Recode reached out to Google for comment, but didn`t immediately get a response. . Add the free HelloSign add-on for Google Docs to start using the e-signature in Google Docs. You can use the HelloSign sidebar to sign or send documents for signature….

If you use Google Forms, you can specify that you want to store the information collected through the form in a Google spreadsheet. Here we have our Google form and the answer table. “The importance of this phishing is not in the way it spreads, but in the fact that it didn`t use malware or fake websites that trick users into giving up their passwords,” says Aaron Higbee, chief technology officer of the search and defense company phishMe, which analyzed data from the fake Google Docs campaign. .

Interface Control Agreement Template

1 Introduction1.1 Objective1.2 Scope1.3 System Identification1.4 Working Agreement You can use this interface control document template to describe the relationship between system components with respect to data elements and messages transmitted, logs observed, and synchronization and sequencing of events. Interface control documents (ICDs) are a key part of system engineering because they define and control the interface(s) of a system and thus link its requirements. The templates are in Microsoft Word (.doc) and can be downloaded online for as little as $4.99. The template package contains the following document:. . 3. Interface Requirements3.1 Interface # Requirements3.2 Interface # Requirements 2. interface definition2.1 system overview2.2 interface overview2.3 operation2.4 data transmission2.5 transaction types2.6 data exchange2.7 priority and criticality2.8 communication methods2.9 performance requirements2.10 security. . .


Inducement of Breach of Contract Singapore

21.2.6 Interference by one person with another person`s contract may be justified in exceptional circumstances. The exact scope of this defence is unclear, but it is generally believed that it is a close defence that can only be based on a careful examination of all the facts. Cases where the defence has been successful include those where the interference is the inevitable result of the assertion of a pre-existing right or where it is necessary to protect public morals. 21.2.7 The offence of breach has been extended to other types of enforceable obligations. Thus, a person who causes another person to violate a legal or equitable obligation may also commit an enforceable offense. The trial judge emphasized Mr. Wolff with contracts (and their usual conditions) with freight forwarders; he knew other parts of the supply chain and had many years of experience in importing goods. The content of his emails indicated that he “understood” that his agreement with the respondent`s representatives was “outside the contractual structure” and that it would give rise to future claims. Together, these facts meant that he “had to know” the existence of the agency contract and its terms and conditions, and that the agents had violated it. This contrasted with the TFG Director of Shipping, who had no training in the areas of activity or mechanisms of international trade and acted only in a “ministerial” function; He may have had some knowledge of the existence of the agency contract and the fact that he ruled out early dismissal, but he did not have the essential additional level of knowledge to place it in the “must know” category. A general manager of the company was personally responsible for initiating a breach of a commercial agency contract by obtaining the early release of goods imported from freight forwarders against immediate payment of their fees. The director`s experience in hiring carriers meant that he had to know that such an agreement was outside the usual contractual structure, or at least he was ruthlessly indifferent to whether the agents were violating their agency contract: Michael Fielding Wolff v Trinity Logistics USA Inc [2018] EWCA Civ 2765.

This judgment on the tort of breach of contract shows how industry knowledge can help repair a party with the necessary knowledge of the existence and terms of a contract that it would have caused. 21.5.4 In principle, it is assumed that legal obligations enforceable by means of criminal proceedings can only be enforced in this way. However, there are two exceptional situations in which such offences could constitute “illegal means” for civil actions. First, a complainant belonging to that group may claim that his interests have been unlawfully harmed when a legal provision of their effective interpretation is imposed in favour of a group of persons. Second, where a legal provision establishes a public right, a complainant may invoke the breach of the provision in civil proceedings if he or she has suffered a particular prejudice beyond that which goes beyond that of the general public. Judith Prakash J first argued that a person must be aware of the irregular defects of a transaction, so ordinary honest people would consider it a violation of honest behavior if they did not inquire about them: George Raymond Zage III and another against Ho Chi Kwong and another [2010] 2 SLR 589 to [22]. In this context, a two-step analysis was conducted: (a) What did the person know about the transaction; and (b) participation in the transaction with that knowledge violated ordinary standards ([41]-[42]). One.

Plea: Where a party causes another party to breach a contractual obligation to a third party For the second claim, Prakash J. held that the defendants must have intended to knowingly interfere with the plaintiff`s contractual rights and that the investigation was objective. Because they had dishonestly assisted JDD in breaking up a trust, it followed that the defendants had deliberately caused the breach of the terms of the bond when they had used the GST rebate to pay the costs to third parties ([90] and [92]). 21.3.2 The threat of A shall compel B to comply with A`s wishes in order to avoid the unpleasant consequences threatened by A. It is insufficient for A to carry out simple idle abuses of which B takes little or no account. The threat must also relate to illegal conduct, such as. B the commission of a criminal offence, an offence or a breach of contract. 21.2.4 It is essential that A`s inducement leads to the breach of B`s contractual obligation to C. However, this does not require proof that liability arises from the breach in question. It is therefore sufficient for it to be proved that B is in breach of its contractual obligation, but in fact does not assume any liability, for example on the basis of an effective indemnification clause. Prakash J.A. therefore concluded that the defendants must at least have presumed that the GST rebate was not intended for their free use.

It was also found that ordinary people would have considered this to be a violation of honest behavior if they had not asked other questions before the funds were sold. The defendants were responsible for unfair support ([61]). Mr Wolff put forward three pleas in law: (i) his agreement with the agents did not constitute an invitation; (ii) the High Court`s decision that it had to have “knowledge” of the commercial agency contract and its terms was not sufficient to prove the mental element of the offence, which had to be actual knowledge or blind recklessness; and (iii) the agency contract was concluded only after the alleged procurement acts. The court found that Mr. Wolff`s agreement with the officers constituted solicitation. The officers did not act with “benevolence” when they agreed to release the goods prematurely; This was a business decision, as they received continuous business from TFG accordingly and were promptly paid. The “bonus” offered by Mr. Wolff was clearly an important, if not the most important, incentive for the agents to break the agency contract.

The fact that the initial offer came from the agents was also irrelevant: Mr Wolff had offered a sufficiently tempting incentive (prompt payment of fees), and it was this “last step” that had led the agents to breach the agency contract. (2) Incitement must be a direct and effective cause of breach The remedies available for the tort or tort of causing a breach of contract in respect of the tort, breach of fiduciary duty and other obligations and unfair assistance must also be taken into account – because of their origins different from the common law or the law of equity, the range of remedies that may be available for breach of equitable obligations, conceptually from the use of common law obligations available for breaches. The possible difference was highlighted in Zim Integrated (at [24]). It is also questionable whether an inducement to breach of contract is also an inducement to breach a fiduciary duty arising from outside the contract. In the first case, can third parties invoke contractual provisions that seek to exclude their liability for losses, and if the case were instead raised on the basis of a breach of fiduciary duty, would such clauses not apply? These are interesting questions that should be examined in the future. First, would dishonest support or induced breach of contract be easier to prove, since simultaneous liability is possible between the two? It is suggested that the former seems to be easier to establish based on the ingredients that need to be identified.. .

Indemnification in Government Contracts

(2) The contract staff has approved these provisions on compensation; The public and local supply bodies have all dealt with claims for compensation and limitation of liability from the contractors. This article distinguishes between the two provisions and deals with two cases that illustrate what can go wrong. The contractual clauses may change who is ultimately liable for damages. For example, a provision in the indemnification contract could have required the contractor to pay the county`s final liability and costs related to claims or disputes arising from performance, although the county could have been liable under the law. Many government contracts use standard provisions that require the contractor to compensate the state or local government for liability and litigation costs arising from performance. The conference study found that agencies generally do not believe that current practices and compensation limits discourage potential contractors from bidding. Federal agencies, with a few exceptions, hardly see the need for greater clearing authority or general legislation that would extend compensation to state contractors in general. However, this view is not shared by many federal contractors. They consider that the decrease in the availability of private insurance for a wide range of hazardous activities significantly reduces the number of bidders for contracts relating to these activities without state compensation. This legislative debate would go beyond the scope of this recommendation. (c) Such indemnification shall apply only to the extent that the claim, loss or damage (1) arises out of or results from a risk defined in this Agreement as abnormally hazardous or nuclear and (2) is not compensated by insurance or otherwise.

Such claims, losses or damages, insofar as they fall within the amounts deducted from the Contractor`s insurance, are not covered by this clause. If the insurance coverage or other financial protection in effect on the day the approval officer approves the application of this clause is reduced, this does not increase the government`s liability under this clause. The government`s liability is limited by the doctrine of sovereign immunity, which has only been waived in certain situations, such as the Federal Tort Claims Act. Some courts have recognized common law immunity for government contractors who have complied with relevant government specifications and who have disclosed to the government any known defects or dangers.*1 In the absence of insurance or compensation, government contracts may be subject to claims based, for example, on alleged non-compliance with specifications or on the fact that the government or other persons can reasonably be against gaps in the Notify product design. (a) This clause provides for indemnification under 10 U.S.C. 2354 if the Contractor meets all the conditions of this clause. After a lawsuit and an appeal, the district finally won. The Court of Appeal did not consider the question of the implied authority of the Deputy Director – an obvious issue that was debated in the Trial Court – but rather considered the legal power to pay compensation. In Colorado, governments cannot create liabilities without funds to pay for them.

The District argued that there were no amounts for workers` compensation costs. However, the Court of Appeal found that the law had the power under public construction laws to obtain compensation even without credit. The contractor had failed to comply with certain procedural provisions of that Act and the court found that its claims against the district were time-barred. Nevertheless, the district had incurred the costs of a trial and an appeal. Some state laws limit the ability to transfer responsibility for one`s own acts of negligence. However, in the absence of such special laws, contractors and governments are generally considered to be demanding buyers whose contracts are performed as they are written. To comply with the Anti-Deficiency Act, 31 U.S.C. Section 1341, Indemnification Agreements with State Contractors, if otherwise authorized, must include a limitation on the amount of liability and states both that liability is further limited to the amount of funds available at the time of payment and that the principal does not promise that Congress will provide additional funds to compensate for a deficiency in the event of a loss.

Indemnification clauses are reserved for unusual circumstances, and few contractors actually receive compensation. The Ministry of Defence, for example, included indemnification clauses in an average of about 70 contracts per year over the five-year period 1980-1984; By comparison, in fiscal year 1984 alone, the Department completed more than 14.8 million contract transactions. At Thyussenkrupp, a deputy general manager signed the seller`s contract form, which contained a compensation provision. This term states: “[District] agrees to indemnify and hold SAFWAY harmless from and against all acts, claims, costs, damages, liabilities and expenses, including reasonable attorneys` fees. which result in any way from [the performance of the contract]. SAFWAY sued the county for workers` compensation amounts paid to the injured employee, citing the clause. If the indemnification provision had not been included in the contract, the District could have objected to the contractor`s claims for contributions. Upper limits for damages resulting from performance are also a common element in some limitation of liability clauses. Ceilings are limits that are sometimes expressed in the form of certain amounts or using multipliers of the price or value of the contract. The National Association of State Chief Information Officers (NASCIO) released the results of a survey in 2010 that concluded that most states have the flexibility to negotiate limitation of liability provisions in IT contracts. The survey found that governments used limits of 150 to 200 percent of the maximum value of orders.

There is generally no government-wide legislation providing for compensation to government contractors for civil liability, although a number of departments and agencies have the authority to release contractors.2 All laws that authorize government indemnification of contractors set out the conditions that must be met before contractual indemnification is met. As a result, some laws limit compensation to exceptionally dangerous government activities or activities that may result in catastrophic losses and require the contractor to purchase available insurance. Remuneration clauses included in contracts usually contain other conditions, some of which are required by the agency rule. A common limitation is that compensation does not cover claims arising from intentional fault on the part of the contractor. A government agency cannot compensate its contractors for claims made against them because of their own negligence. Nor can the United States agree in advance to accept responsibility for the negligence of its employees for which it is not otherwise liable under the Federal Tort Claims Act. The law has rules for determining the damages and rights of each party against the other during the performance of the contract. Suppose a recreation area has a faulty outdoor light on a tall tower. The district needs scaffolding to repair the light and hires a company with a company over $1,800 to erect scaffolding. During the construction of the scaffolding, the luminaire collapsed and seriously injured an employee of the contractor. Variant I (April 1984). In reimbursement contracts, add the following paragraph (i) to the basic clause: (c) the source of funds that would be used to pay for an additional amount under the indemnification clause, including the possible application of the federal Anti-Disability Act, and the impact, if any, that the surtax will have on the programs of the Agency or other government entities; Variant I (April 1984).

In reimbursement contracts, add the following paragraph (i) to the principle: (i) The cost of insurance (including self-insurance programs) that covers a risk defined in this contract as exceptionally dangerous or nuclear will only be reimbursed if the agent has requested or approved such insurance. The Government`s obligations under this clause are as follows: (1) Excluded from the discharge required under this Agreement`s Eligible Costs Clause; and (2) Not affected by the cost limitation or funds limitation clause of this Agreement. (g) any impact, where compensation has been granted, on the ability or willingness of the insurance industry to provide private insurance for the types of activities to which the compensation would apply. (3) The subcontracting compensation provisions authorize the Contractor or the Government, or both, to direct, participate in and oversee the settlement or defense of relevant acts and claims; and the compensation of government contractors for civil liability includes this question: Who should bear the risk of liability for injuries or damage caused to a third party by products and services provided by government contractors? This issue is especially important if the products and services involve high-risk or hazardous government activities. .

Implied Acceptance Contract Example

The other type of implied contract is an actual contract. This type of implied contract is usually derived from the conduct of the respective parties, indicating that they each have an implicit understanding of having entered into an agreement that includes obligations of both parties. A general example is when one party accepts a benefit from another party, knowing that the providing party expects to be paid for the service provided. An implied contract exists on the basis of the conduct of the respective parties, for example, when one party enters a hair salon, sits on a chair and requests a haircut, which the other party then provides. With the haircut request, the first party implicitly agreed to pay for the haircut. With the start of the haircut, the second party implicitly agreed to provide this service in exchange for financial compensation. Implicit acceptance An implied assumption is one that is not directly stated, but is demonstrated by actions that indicate an individual`s consent to the proposed business. An implicit assumption occurs when a buyer selects an item in a supermarket and pays the cashier for it. The buyer`s behavior shows that he accepted the supermarket owner`s offer to sell the item at the price indicated on it. Implicit contracts have the same characteristics as explicit contracts. There is an offer from one party and acceptance by the other party, there is some form of consideration, and both parties intend to enter into an agreement. The difference is that the terms of an implied contract are derived from the actions of the parties, rather than being stated orally or in writing. An implied contract is legally binding in the same way as a written contract.

An implied contract, unlike a written contract, is difficult to enforce. In many countries, the law requires certain contracts to be in writing. Tenders which are not accepted in due time shall be revoked, for which the conditions are not fulfilled, rejected or replied to by a counter-offer, shall be deemed to have expired. In the event of a counter-offer, the offer must be accepted in order for a contract to be concluded. An explicit contract arises from interactions in which the parties actually discuss the agreement and the promised terms. The express contract does not have to be concluded either formally or in writing. It simply requires the parties to express their intentions in an agreement. If at least two parties voluntarily enter into an agreement between them, this constitutes a contract. This document is legally binding if: The other type of unwritten contract, the implied contract, can also be qualified as a quasi-contract. This is a legally binding contract that neither party intended to create. Suppose the same customer at the above-mentioned restaurant chokes on a chicken bone, and a doctor dining at the nearest booth jumps to the rescue.

The doctor is entitled to send an invoice to the client and the client is obliged to pay it. Later, Bob submits an invoice to the neighbor for his medical services. A court generally recognizes that there is an implied contract between Bob and his neighbor simply because the basic principle of fairness states that Bob should receive equitable compensation for the professional services he provides, even if the neighbor did not request the services or did not intend to pay Bob at that time. Courts recognize an implied contract in situations where one party might otherwise be unfairly enriched at the expense of another party. An essential feature of these contracts is that a contract can be recognized even if neither party intended to enter into an agreement. In reveille Independent LLC v. Anotech International, the television company, the British kitchenware company, filed a lawsuit for breach of contract. Reveille claimed that it had licensed intellectual property (IP) rights to Anotech and agreed to promote its products on their television show Master Chef in exchange for an agreed sum. There are two forms of implicit contracts called implied contracts and implicit contracts. An implied contract is created by the circumstances and behavior of the parties involved. For example, if a customer enters a restaurant and orders food, an implicit contract is created.

The owner of the restaurant is obliged to serve the food and the customer is obliged to pay the prices indicated on the menu for this. Explicit acceptance An explicit acceptance exists when a person clearly and expressly accepts an offer or agrees to pay for a project submitted for payment. An implied contract is sometimes difficult to enforce because proving the fairness of the claim is a matter of argumentation, not a simple matter of submitting a signed document. In addition, some jurisdictions impose restrictions on implied contracts. For example, in some courts, a contract for a real estate transaction must be secured by a written contract. In contract law, acceptance is compliance with the terms of an offer made by another person. Acceptance occurs in insurance law when an insurer agrees to receive a person`s application for insurance and issue a policy that protects the person from certain risks, such as fire or theft. If a person to whom someone offers a gift keeps the gift, it indicates that they accept it. A contract can be legally void if its terms are ambiguous and therefore cannot be applied, refer to future agreements that have not yet been formed or that are incomplete. The act and conduct of the parties in a situation may give rise to an implied contract.

For example, a person walks into a restaurant and orders food. A contract for the receipt of food, service and payment thereof is concluded. There are two specific types of implicit contracts. The first is called an implicit contract. These contracts are generally based primarily on a number of circumstances and not on the conduct of the parties involved. An express act or suggested conduct that expresses acceptance of the terms of an offer in a manner that is invited or necessary by the offer for a binding contract to be concluded. The exercise of the powers conferred by an offer by the execution of an act. The action of a person to whom something is offered or offered by another, by which the target recipient proves by an action invited by the offer the intention to maintain the subject matter of the offer. Statements about possible contractual conditions and requests for information are also not considered as offers. Providing information in response to a request is not the same as entering into a contract.

It is not possible to prescribe silence as acceptance. In commercial transactions between traders subject to the law of sale, a buyer demonstrates his acceptance of goods that do not correspond exactly to what he ordered from the seller by informing the seller that he will keep the goods even if they do not correspond to what was ordered; not rejecting the goods; or by doing something with the goods that are incompatible with the seller`s ownership of them, e.B. sell the goods to consumers in the buyer`s store.. .

Iata Standard Agreements

The uniforms of the handling agents must be worn and maintained at a high level by all passengers handling the personnel of the carrier product. The handling company shall, under its sole and exclusive responsibility, comply with and enforce the National Aviation Security Programme (NASP) imposed by the competent local civil aviation authority or local airport security authority in which the service is provided, as well as any of the aviation security standards applied to it. Ludwig Dorfmeier, Director – Contract Air, Middle East and Africa, DHL Aviation EEMEA With a B.Sc in aviation management, an MBA and 15 years of experience in flight operations, I wanted to refresh my knowledge – this time with a focus on ground operations. I researched several leadership-level programs, but chose IATA`s Land Operations Diploma Program because of its reputation and practical course schedule. The SGHA-SLA & Effective Negotiation Behaviors workshop was an excellent introduction to IATA`s courses and approach to ground operations training. I work daily with SGHA – mostly wet and dry leases – and this hands-on course helped me take full advantage of the manual and formulate solutions to problems when they arise on the ramp. Thanks to the many practice opportunities offered during the course, I also feel safer when it comes to making deals with our established operator pool. The theory is great, but it`s the experience that teachers and other participants bring to the lessons that I find most beneficial. I recently took a course with a group of REPRESENTATIVES from CAA and the Airport Authority of Nigeria, a country where DHL operates. It was a valuable opportunity to meet some of the people I work with and see how we can strengthen our collaboration on common issues.

My colleagues are now very aware of my training history at IATA, and I recommend IATA courses for those who are interested in advancing their careers in aviation. I firmly believe that IATA`s courses and degrees are useful at all career levels and increase the credibility of individuals and their companies. The handling company is directly responsible for all matters related to the training of AVSEC personnel and must comply with the AVSEC training standards required by the state in which the services are provided and the standards established by the carrier. EN 5 EN The standard groundhandling clause. The agreement contains all relevant model clauses. The text of the agreed provision on the taxation of aviation fuel is attached as Annex 2. EN 6 IN ANNEX 1 – Community phrases of standards to be included in . A manual for information on corporate social responsibility in line with global reporting initiatives standards IATA has explicitly referred to its decisions and standard practices as reference points for the provision of services to businesses and has listed them verbatim in the new subsections 5.3 (a) and (b). Aviation Information Data Exchange (AIDX) is the global XML messaging standard for the exchange of flight data between airlines, airports and third parties, your definitive source for all facets of safe and efficient ground operating standards. The A4A-IATA interline reservation procedures (AIRIMP) are the only reference source for generally accepted communication standards for the processing of passenger reservation interline messages. under a standard groundhandling agreement, liability is covered in accordance with the biFA 2005A standard commercial conditions. Charges shall be calculated on the basis of the weight of charges applicable to each air waybill This Annex B, which contains a Service Level Agreement (“SLA”), listing the safety, security, quality and monitoring indicators signed and agreed both in writing and by both parties (“Agreement”), is established in accordance with the simplified procedure in which the Parties agree that the terms of the Main Agreement and Appendix A to the SGHA of January 2013, as amended by the International Air Transport Association, apply to this Annex B as if those conditions were fully repeated here.

By signing this Annex B, the Parties confirm that they are aware of the above-mentioned main agreement and Annex A. Standard GroundHandling Agreement 2013 PDF may not be an exciting read, but the iata`s Standard GroundHandling Agreement 2013 is packed with valuable instructions, information and warnings. We also have many e-books and the user manual also refers to iata standard ground handling, many changes are purely editorial and modify SGHA 2013. However, some changes are significant and focus on operational practices, improved standards, training, bankruptcy, claims, and compliance in general. We briefly reviewed the key changes to the main agreement and Appendix B and discussed what they might mean for users. This Service Level Agreement (SLA) documents the agreed provision of services for the provision of aeronautical information. It establishes an agreed standard against which performance can be measured. It identifies customer expectations, defines the limits of service.

• ICAO Annex 5 “Units of measurement for use in air and land areas. Gha ground handling agent. Here are the only 2 punctuation marks that are acceptable according to the IATA standard:. e-AWB processing procedure for freight forwarders. 11.1 Notwithstanding paragraph 8.1(d), the Handling Company shall indemnify the Carrier for any loss or physical damage to the Carrier`s aircraft caused by the Handling Company`s negligent act or omission, ALWAYS THAT the Handling Company`s Liability shall be limited to such loss or damage to the Carrier`s aircraft in an amount equal to the deductible in accordance with the Carrier`s All Risk Hull Policy. does not exceed, which is not the case, in any case exceeds $1,500,000 The new wording may have been designed to clarify the situation so that carriers must notify handlers of any claim for compensation within two years of the expiry of the 14/21 day period that a beneficiary must respect. If so, the wording could have been improved. Handling in case of technical landing for non-commercial purposes will be charged at 40% of the above rates, unless there is a physical change in load. 2.1.9 Performance of the following ticketing/sales functions All services not listed in paragraph 1 of this Annex B are calculated in relation to the following table as follows: Connection with the representative designated by the medium carrier of communication between the ground station and the carrier`s aircraft. It is the responsibility of the handling company to participate in local emergency plans to assist the carrier in the event of an emergency, including but not limited to forced landings, accidents or acts of violence. The handling company is responsible for ensuring that its own personnel receive the necessary training before being tasked with performing operational tasks for the carrier. .

How to Write a Report on Financial Statements

There is no formula per se for calculating a cash flow statement. Instead, it includes three sections that report on cash flows for the various activities for which a company uses its cash. These three components of CFS are listed below. To write a financial report, format a balance sheet that lists assets, liabilities, and equity. Combine the totals for each category and add the final sum to the bottom of the sheet. Next, create a profit and loss account page to list revenue, cost of goods sold, operating costs, and retained earnings, and then summarize those categories. Finally, create a page with the cash flow statement to compile operating, investing, and financing activities, and then add an amount below. For tips on preparing and organizing your data before writing the report, read on! The last critical element of the financial part is the cash flow statement. This shows the money spent on taxes, interest payments, and capital investments such as equipment and real estate. It shows the values of these capital investments for the money spent and the money earned from the sale. In addition, it shows all the money that has entered the company. The cash flow statement is important to show the value and strategy behind investments. Then, run the text for basic grammatical errors.

Make appropriate corrections before searching the document for language and paraphrases. The annual report leaves little room for ambiguity, and everything must have accurate language that reflects the numbers. A clean style is appropriate outside of corporate culture articles and case studies. Sean Butner has been writing press articles, blog posts and feature articles since 2005. His articles appeared on the cover of “The Richland Sandstorm” and “The Palimpsest Files.” He holds a degree in accounting from Texas A&M University-Commerce. He currently advises families on their insurance and financial planning needs. Your business needs these reports to support specific financial business objectives and enable you to provide useful information to investors, policymakers and creditors, especially if you work as a financial agency and need to create an interactive customer dashboard. But not only, because it can also help your business determine: To control financial performance against a set goal, you can also use a modern KPI dashboard. This way, you not only monitor your performance, but you also see where you stand in relation to your goals and targets. Details about the voluntary influx of money into the store will be of great importance to those reading your report. This section should refer to the income statement section and refer to the information and graphs listed in this section.

While the business can be rich in potential assets or profits, cash flows are the sum of the finances that are transferred into and out of a company`s bank account during the fiscal year. This affects the liquidity of the company and reflects the stability of the company. o Error mitigation: When we talk about finances, every detail counts. Not only can the use of inaccurate financial reports hurt your business` profitability, but it can also expose it to legal problems if discrepancies are found in your numbers. Many BI financial tools on the market ensure accurate financial reporting with the latest available data, allowing you to continuously monitor the performance of your finances in all areas and mitigate errors before they become major problems. A comprehensive annual report provides stakeholders, potential donors and other interested parties with information about the company that they can use to make decisions. A template for annual financial statements, as we have presented them above, can also help you answer critical questions, for .B. What can your business do with $500,000 more in cash? Will you be able to borrow less money, invest in new technologies, or hire qualified staff to improve your income? Marketable securities: short-term financial instruments that mature within one year. Cash Flow Report: Shows changes in cash relative to its fixed counterparts, e.B. where exactly cash is used or generated during the week. We`ve seen powerful financial statement templates to strengthen your business, but before we finish our journey through financial reporting, we`ll make a final stop to show you some of the top ways your business could benefit.

As we have mentioned several times in this article, financial reports created using professional business analysis tools provide a clear overview of the financial health of your business and give you the answers you need to plan strategies and solve problems that may arise with your finances. Here are the top 5 benefits. You can also go into more detail about your revenue loss: Categorize where you lost, which is a good practice, to determine which parts of your executive reporting practices have significant room for improvement. Follow-up metrics like the top 10 products that generate the most sales, or on the contrary, the top 10 products that generate the worst sales will tell you a story about what needs more attention. We live in the age of data, and the ability to use financial insights and metrics to your advantage will set you apart from the crowd. The reporting tools to do this exist precisely for this purpose. To get an overview of your company`s financial activities, working with a monthly, weekly, and daily financial report template gives you a complete and comprehensive overview of each key area based on your specific goals, objectives, and goals. As you can see in the example above, created with a professional financial business intelligence solution, a modern financial report can have all the relevant information at your fingertips and provide the ability to visualize and analyze important financial data. They help to gain new knowledge, identify key financial trends, identify strengths and weaknesses, and improve communication within the organization.

We`ll explore other examples of monthly reports later in the article. Automation plays a critical role in today`s enterprise financial reporting. With traditional reporting, automation within the application is not entirely possible, and in these scenarios, professionals usually waste a lot of time because the report has to be created manually every week, month, quarter, or year. Automation, on the other hand, allows users to focus on other tasks as the software automatically updates the report, leaving countless hours of free time to use for other important tasks. .

How to Stop Labor Contractions

The content of this article is not intended to replace professional medical advice, examination, diagnosis or treatment. You should always contact your doctor or other qualified healthcare professional before starting, modifying or discontinuing any health treatment. If you are at risk of preterm labor or preterm birth, you may be afraid or afraid of your pregnancy. This may be especially true if you have a history of preterm labor or preterm birth. Contact your doctor to find healthy ways to relax and stay calm. Having one risk factor or even several risk factors does not mean that you will start labor early. Women without risk factors may also experience preterm labor with no known cause. However, if you have any of the risk factors listed below, discuss it with your doctor and know what to do if preterm labor occurs. It is difficult for health professionals to predict which women with preterm births will have a preterm birth. The goals of monitoring and treatment are to reduce the risk of preterm birth and protect your health and that of your fetus. If you develop signs or symptoms of preterm labor, contact your doctor immediately.

Depending on the circumstances, you may need immediate medical attention. The U.S. Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reports that only about 10% of women with premature birth give birth within seven days. In about 30% of cases of preterm labour, labour stops on its own. The doctor will determine if a treatment, e.B. Medications to try to delay the birth or speed up the baby`s development, depending on your situation. If symptoms worsen or don`t go away after an hour, call your doctor again or go to the hospital. When you call your doctor, be sure to tell him that you are worried that you have started preterm labor. The only sure way to know if you are in preterm labor is to examine your cervix.

If your cervix opens, preterm labor could be the cause. Doctors will not try to stop contractions if the baby is over 34 weeks old and the lungs are developed, or if there are concerns about the health of the mother or baby. Pregnancy is usually a time of happiness and anticipation, but it can also be a time of uncertainty. Many women worry about what will happen to their baby and wonder, “Is everything okay”? Some women worry about going into labor early. Preterm labor occurs in about 12% of all pregnancies. However, by knowing the symptoms and avoiding certain risk factors, a woman can reduce her chances of going into labor prematurely. Regular prenatal care with your obstetrician will help you identify most of these concerns. In fact, good prenatal care and proper nutrition are two of the best ways to reduce your risk of preterm labor. Preterm labor does not always lead to premature delivery. Some women with preterm labor and early dilation of the cervix are put to rest in bed until the pregnancy progresses.

Most babies born before 24 weeks have little chance of survival. Some women tend to give birth early. Those who have a short or weak cervix (the lower part of the uterus that is connected to the vagina) or who have already had a premature baby are more likely to enter labor early. In these cases, the doctor may recommend treatments such as: A normal pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks. Sometimes labor begins prematurely, before the 37th week of pregnancy. This happens because uterine contractions cause the cervix to open earlier than normal. Therefore, the baby is born prematurely and may be at risk of health problems. Fortunately, research, technology and medicine have helped improve the health of premature babies. It can be difficult to stop preterm labor, especially if the cervix has already dilated. Thus, the two main goals of treatment are to delay birth long enough to transfer a mother to a hospital with a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and to accelerate a baby`s lung development by providing steroids. Tocolytics can delay labor, often only for a few days.

This delay may give you time to seek treatment with ACS or go to a hospital that has a NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit). A NICU is a specialized kindergarten where newborns receive medical care. If you have a health problem, such as a heart problem or severe preeclampsia, some tocolytics may not be safe for you. Preeclampsia is a condition that can occur after the 20th week of pregnancy or immediately after pregnancy. This is when a pregnant woman has high blood pressure and signs that some of her organs, such as her kidneys and liver, may not be functioning properly. Some of these signs include protein in the urine, blurred vision, and severe headaches. If labor does not stop and a woman is born early, a team of health professionals will take care of the baby. The team may include a neonatologist. If symptoms persist or worsen, such as . B contractions that become more frequent or painful, call their doctor again or go to the hospital. The only way to determine if you are really in preterm labor is for the doctor to examine your cervix. If it begins to open up, early birth may be to blame.

Your doctor will tell you about their results and available options once they have examined you. You will want to know what information you have. B for example the time of the contractions, the time they started and any other signs or symptoms you have felt. Even if you are more at risk of preterm labor, there are many things you can do to have a healthy, long-term pregnancy. Get good prenatal care from your obstetrician. Your doctor will monitor your health and that of your baby. Be sure to discuss any symptoms that worry you, even if you think they seem unimportant. Women at risk of preterm labor, especially those who have had one or more preterm births, may be candidates for one or more of the following treatments: Regardless of the specific procedures recommended by your doctor, your doctor will discuss the pros and cons of each, the expected results of the treatments, and the reasons for the recommendations. If the treatments do not stop preterm labor or if the doctor believes that you or your baby are in danger, you will give birth to the baby.

Sometimes a caesarean birth (caesarean section) may be recommended if the doctor believes there is an emergency situation. There are symptoms of preterm labor, but no change in the cervix Your obstetrician may perform a pelvic exam to see if your cervix has begun to change. You may need to be examined several times over a period of a few hours. Their contractions can also be monitored. If you have any of the following risk factors, it is important to know the symptoms of preterm labor and what to do when it occurs: Women have the greatest risk of preterm labor if: Tocolytics. These medications can be used to slow or stop labor. There are several types, including: Preterm labor leads to changes in the cervix. Changes include shedding (thinning of the cervix) and dilation (opening of the cervix). Signs and symptoms are as follows: Mothers who think they are in labor or who have contractions (abdominal pain or cramps) should immediately call their doctor or midwife. If there is bleeding or your water breaks (which can be an intermittent leak, a constant leak or a swarm of fluids), it is important to go to the hospital immediately.

In some cases, yes. For about 3 in 10 women, preterm labor stops on its own. If this does not stop, treatments may be given to try to delay childbirth. In some cases, these treatments can reduce the risk of complications when the baby is born. Tocolytics do not address the underlying cause of preterm labor and have not been shown to improve babies` outcomes. Your doctor will not recommend a tocolytic if you suffer from certain conditions, such as . B pregnancy-related high blood pressure (preeclampsia). Preterm labor occurs when labor begins before the 37th week of pregnancy. With contractions, changes occur in the cervix that signal that labor begins. The cervix begins to become thinner, a process called extinction, and it begins to dilate, allowing the baby to enter the birth canal. Normal pregnancies last about 40 weeks, so any labor that begins before is called early labor or preterm labor. Thanks to advances in health care for premature babies, more infants born 40 weeks ago are surviving and doing very well.

Yet, preventing early labour and delivery is the best way to ensure a healthy baby. You may have experienced painless Braxton Hicks contractions during the third trimester of pregnancy. These are usually irregular and will not cause your cervix to open. As your due date approaches, these “exercise contractions” may become more common, and it`s common for women to worry about being in labor. For women in their first pregnancy, it can be difficult to distinguish a “real” contraction from a Braxton Hicks contraction later in pregnancy. In addition to the above risk factors, the CDC has identified some particular risks based on age and ethnicity. For example, preterm labor and childbirth are 50% more likely in women of African American descent than in Caucasian women. Women under the age of 18 are also more likely to have a premature birth, as are women over the age of 35. There are a number of treatments that doctors turn to during preterm labor. Bed rest, pelvic rest, and hydration (sometimes with intravenous fluids) can sometimes slow or stop contractions. If you are not hospitalized, you may need to schedule weekly or more frequent visits to your doctor so that he or she can monitor for signs and symptoms of preterm labor.


How to Reduce Your Tax in South Africa

For companies operating in an SEZ, an SEZ incentive has been introduced, consisting of a reduced corporate tax rate of 15% and a 10% allowance for the costs of new and unused buildings owned by a qualified enterprise or for new or unused improvements to buildings owned by a qualified enterprise. You can submit your ITR12: Online: The simplest and. This is a type of savings account offered by financial institutions that invests your money in a combination of financial products such as mutual funds, bank savings accounts, term deposits, bonds, etc. The difference between this account and other savings or investment accounts is that all returns, i.e. interest earned, dividends and capital gains, are tax-free in your hands. This means that you are not required to pay tax on the growth of your investment, even if you decide to withdraw from your account. Annual and lifetime contribution amountsThere is an annual contribution limit of R36,000 per tax year, as well as a lifetime limit of R500,000. Once you reach your lifetime contribution limit of R500,000, no further investment in a tax-free savings account is allowed. No limit on the number of accountsThe annual limit can be spread over any number of savings accounts, provided you do not invest more than R36,000 in total for the tax year (March 1 to the end of February). For example, if you have already deposited R10,000 into a tax-free savings account for the period, you can only invest a maximum of R26,000 in others.

No transfer of annual contribution limitThe annual limit cannot be carried over to the next tax year, you simply lose any unused amount and receive a new annual limit of R36,000 to invest in a tax-free savings account. For example, if you invested R26,000 for the tax year, you cannot carry over the R10,000 to the following year. Contribution to a Tax-Free Savings Account for a MinorAs a parent, you can open a Tax-Free Savings Account for your minor children, but you should be aware that any contributions you make to this account on their behalf will count towards their annual and lifetime contribution limit. Our teams in the UK, South Africa and Australia can ensure that if you decide to move abroad, invest abroad or expand your business internationally, you will do so with the support of experienced local experts. You may want to talk to a cross-border wealth advisor who knows the ideal tax envelopes and allowances for your particular situation. If you emigrate from South Africa and leave the South African tax network, SARS sees you as a seller of your global wealth abroad, and you immediately become liable for capital gains tax (CGT) on them. Essentially, SARS claims the tax it would have received on these assets if you had sold them while you were a South African tax resident. This means that if you emigrate from SOUTH AFRICA, the timing will affect your tax payments.

Real estate in South Africa is excluded because SARS still claims its tax share when you eventually sell (more on this below). You can also be protected against the payment of SA taxes by becoming a resident of another country that has a double taxation agreement (CDI) with South Africa. For example, once you are a UK tax resident, the UK`s tax treaty with South Africa means you only have to pay taxes on your UK income in the UK. Not all countries have a permanent contract with South Africa and the terms of the contracts may vary. Tax-free growth, even if you reinvestThe main advantage of a tax-free savings account is that your growth or profits from the initial investment are exempt from tax on the deduction. You can reinvest (or capitalize) your returns, and they don`t count towards your annual or lifetime contribution limit. For example, if you invest R36,000 for the year and receive a return on investment of R2,000 that you reinvest, the total amount in the account is R38,000, but you will still be able to invest your full R36,000 the following year, as the reinvestment of R2,000 will not count towards the annual or lifetime limit. Unlimited withdrawals with conditionsYou can withdraw from your tax savings account at any time, however, any replacement investment amount will be treated as a new contribution and therefore counts towards your annual and lifetime limits. While you can`t escape tax, there are several ways to reduce your tax liability. For example: that is, if your income is R900,000, the deduction you claim for the donation made is limited to R90,000. In addition, you may be entitled to a refund.

Depending on your situation, something like two jobs can trigger a tax refund. Use TaxTim`s refund calculator to see if you could get a REFUND from SARS. These tips are part of TaxTim`s personalized recommendation tool, the Tax Health Score. Once you`ve filed your tax return with TaxTim, we`ll analyze it and create your own unique tax health score, which recommends that you optimize deductions, pay less tax, and maximize your potential refund in the future. The following tips cover all kinds of recommendations and may not apply to your individual tax situation. The only way to know which ones apply to you is to use TaxTim to complete and file your tax return. What many South Africans don`t know is that exit tax is due immediately when you leave, not at the end of the tax year when you file the return declaring your change in tax status. If you wait for your next tax return, SARS is entitled to impose penalties for late payment of these taxes. .

Cooperation Contract Pdf

When it comes to business agreements, a cooperation contract can be a crucial tool for successful collaboration. This document outlines the terms and conditions for a partnership between two or more parties, including responsibilities, obligations, and expectations.

While a cooperation contract can take many different forms, a common format is the PDF file. This digital file format is easy to create, share, and review, making it an efficient choice for businesses working on a partnership.

If you`re planning to create a cooperation contract in PDF form, here are some key elements to include:

1. Goals and objectives: Begin by clearly defining the goals and objectives of the partnership. This may include specific project outcomes, product development, or strategic objectives.

2. Responsibilities and obligations: Outline the responsibilities and obligations of each party in the partnership. This may include tasks, timelines, and deliverables that each party is responsible for.

3. Financial terms: Specify the financial terms of the partnership, including payment structures, fees, and compensation arrangements.

4. Intellectual property: Address ownership and use of intellectual property, including copyrights, trademarks, and patents.

5. Confidentiality and non-disclosure: Include provisions for confidentiality and non-disclosure, ensuring that sensitive information is protected throughout the partnership.

6. Termination and dispute resolution: Include provisions for terminating the partnership in case of breach of contract or other issues. Also, outline a dispute resolution process for any conflicts that may arise.

As you create your cooperation contract PDF, it`s important to keep in mind the principles of search engine optimization (SEO). This means that you should use relevant keywords and phrases throughout the document to improve its visibility and ranking in search engine results pages (SERPs).

Additionally, make sure to include a clear title for the PDF file, using a relevant keyword or phrase. This will help improve its visibility in search results, making it easier for potential partners to find and review.

By creating a well-crafted cooperation contract PDF, you can help ensure a successful and productive partnership with other businesses. Remember to include the key elements outlined above and incorporate SEO principles to increase its visibility and accessibility.